Doktora Programı (Ph.D.)


ELCS 601 Global Cultural Diversity and Cross-Cultural Relations                             (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 Beginning with the study of small groups and their self-definition in society, this course examines human behavior in terms of cultural and cross-cultural patterns and differences, and seeks to construct behavior-culture paradigms. The rise of globalized culture is analyzed from Hegelian, Marxist and Post-modern perspectives.

 ELCS 602 Social and Cultural Dynamics of English Literature                                   (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 The Social Dynamics course analyzes the relationship between language and society. It is clear that there is a multi-faceted relationship between language, society and culture, with the former influencing the development of both group and individual indentities. One approach is to study the acquisition of language and cognitive processes, to throw light on the earliest linking of words and contexts, and the construction of cultural attitudes. This synchronic approach is extended to the varieties of English, and students will be guided to discuss selected works of British, American and other English language writers.

 ELCS 603 Comparative Literature                                                                               (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 A comparative approach to English literature and culture, above all in relation to Turkish authors, but with the possibility of bringing in other European dimensions. While focusing on particular works, not necessarily of present day writers, students will be aware of the wider context of socio-economic, political, philosophical and literary interaction.

 ELCS 604 Culture of Democracy in Britain                                                                  (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course studies the evolution of the British democratic tradition within its European context. Beginning with feudalism, and briefly referring to Magna Carta, students research and discuss the effects of the French Revolution, the American War of Independence, as well as the Industrial Revolution and the triumph of capitalism. The idea of the constitutional monarchy, for all the growing power of parliament and other institutions, has profoundly affected the shape of British life and thought.

ELCS 605 European Culture and Turkey                                                                       (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 European cultural evolution took place in a context of radically opposed ideas and frequent violent confrontation. This course looks at Turkey’s cultural identity for which European ideas, whether adopted or rejected, have been vital. In spite many efforts to develop shared cultural values, Europe was viewed by many as the “other”. While taking into account the range of institutions connecting Turkey and Europe, this course focuses on literary and cultural links, e.g. with reference to the modern Turkish novel.                                                                                                      

ELCS 606 Contemporary Literary Theories                                                                    (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course provides a general view of literary criticism and theory as it has developed since the mid-20th century. Such movements as Formalism, Construction, Deconstruction, Marxism, and Feminism will be assessed. Starting from key questions concerning what literature is, and its functions, the course will address questions of value and methodology. Students are encouraged to strengthen their grasp of theory and to defend their assumptions. The course will focus on debates of recent decades, understood within their cultural, socio-political, and philosophical contexts. With readings from Michel Foucault and others, students will be guided to redefine the roles of writer and reader, and ask questions regarding the function of literature.

 ELCS 607 The Novel: Selected Works                                                                              (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course will analyze the novel as a literary genre, with works illustrating different periods and genres. The course will seek to take account of the socio-political and philosophical views of the time, and the literary forms to which they gave rise.

 ELCS 608 Drama: Selected Works                                                                                    (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 The course will analyze different genres of drama illustrated by playwrights and works from contrasting periods. This course will focus on two or three plays, allowing students to gain a good knowledge also of scholarly literature.

 ELCS 609 Poetry: Selected Works                                                                                   (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

To some extent this course will be shaped to meet students’ particular needs. It may be that poems will be selected to illustrate a variety of periods, or lectures may focus on one or two poets. Emphasis will be on providing the skills and knowledge needed for research: poetic technique and affect, alongside literary theory and introductions to secondary sources.

 ELCS 610 Post-colonial English Culture and Literature                                                 (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course concentrates on countries with a distinctive literature and culture reflecting colonial and post-colonial experiences. The language may be English, or French, but it is no longer the voice of the colonizer. Individual authors, like Derek Walcott and Anita Desai, are discussed, and works are analyzed, for example for the views on colonialism expressed by characters in poems and novels. In addition, the course studies post-colonialism as an international phenomenon in which writers and performers seek to develop new discourses in opposition to a formerly dominant discourses of empire and authority.

 ELCS 611 Culture of Colonialism and Travel Writing                                                      (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 Research students may wish to follow this course alongside ELCS 610 Post-colonialism. Here, however, it is the literature of the colonist which is studied, in particular in the genre of travel literature. The historical/historiographical and cultural background of the topic will be taught, beginning with the first English colonists of the 16th century. Reference will be made to the increasingly important discourse of empire in writers including John Stuart Mill and Rudyard Kipling. Some of the most important travel writers wrote about Turkey, and may be assessed with reference to current debates on Orientalism.

 ELCS 612 Cultural Archetypes                                                                                          (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course introduces the collective consciousness and the way archetypes are manifested in culture and literature. Particular reference is made to inter-cultural similarities and differences, and what archetypal theory can teach us of conflict and reconciliation.

 ELCS 613 Cultural Identity and Trauma in English Literature                                            (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course, drawing on studies of psychology and literature, looks at the modes of expressing and rationalizing individual and national traumas like torture, rape, genocide, war and slavery. This course will listen to the voices of victims in novels, poetry, films, the visual arts and short stories. On a more abstract level, the concept of cultural memory will be discussed.

 ELCS 614 Multiculturalism in Britain                                                                                   (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course traces the transformation of Britain after the Second World War, initially through immigration from previous colonies, from a white Anglo-Saxon society to a multicultural society of ethnic groups. Students use literature, film and other media to analyze the reactions of the majority, accepting and rejecting, and the immigrants’ experiences of dislocation, assimilation and alienation. Doctoral students are encouraged to relate their research to debates over globalization and identity politics.

 ELCS 615 Culture and Literary Periods                                                                                  (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 Students inquire into the familiar categorizations of literature, and the extent to which these are justified. A key question in cultural history, for example, relates to whether a clear distinction can be made between the High Middle Ages and the Renaissance. A number of characteristic works and their social contexts are analyzed, to focus students’ attention on literary forms and periods. Questions will be raised about key terms like Enlightenment, the Victorian Era, and Romanticism.

 ELCS 616 Voices in Western Literature                                                                                  (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 This course looks at sub-cultures and their struggle to make their voices heard against a background of discourses of “otherness” within Western culture. The focus will be on the characteristic literary styles and forms which women and minorities have developed as a reaction to more established traditions.

 ELCS 617 Gothic, Fantasy Writing, and the Uncanny                                                              (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 The course traces the rise of Gothic and supernatural fiction at the end of the 18th century, and the question of its role as a precursor to Romanticism. The genre gives unprecedented emphasis to sensations of amazement and horror, so different from the concerns of Neo-classical authors. Students examine the motif of the introduction of the uncanny into familiar situations, and other characteristic topoi. They are encouraged to research the place of, and response to, Gothic literature in the Victorian, Modern and Post-modern periods.

 ELCS 618 Women and Writing                                                                                                 (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

 The themes of this course range from the status of women in present society, and gender discourse, to the changing role of women through the centuries. Students research women critics and creators of culture, and identify the characteristic issues related to Women’s Studies. This course teaches feminist methods and encourages students to compare works by notable British, American and other writers of different periods and styles.

ELCS 619 Teaching Literature Within a Brain-Based Framework                                               (3 0 3)/ECTS-10

This course aims to introduce a new paradigm, known as brain-compatible or brain-based learning, for prospective teachers of literature. The theoretical and practical aspects of this new student-centered paradigm will help teachers convey the social - cultural values and messages that are embodied in works of literature through brain-compatible lesson planning, activities and techniques.

ELCS 690 Seminar/ Term Project

In this course students choose a subject (preferably related with their thesis topic), in which they research and write a detailed paper under the guidance of a supervisor, to be submitted in written form and presented to the department orally.

ELCS 691 Special Studies

Each student conducts supervised research in preparation for writing up their thesis.

ELCS 699 Thesis 

Students write and submit a thesis.